MARIE VRINAT-NIKOLOV

interview and photography by Anthony Georgieff

Capital joie de vivre

Marie Vrinat-Nikolov.jpg

Mere coincidence (or was it Fate?) acquainted Frenchwoman Marie Vrinat-Nikolov with Bulgaria, and she fell in love with it at the age of 13. The love affair has been going on since then in spite of a number of personal and "ideological" challenges. French by birth, she also has Bulgarian citizenship which she acquired on her own volition and not without a fair amount of trouble. Marie Vrinat-Nikolov now lives between France and Bulgaria, between French and Bulgarian, but in the world of Bulgarian literature. Currently she teaches Bulgarian and theory of literary translation at INALCO-Paris. She has authored a number of Bulgarian textbooks as well as many reports and papers on Bulgarian literature and literary translation. Marie Vrinat-Nikolov has translated many Bulgarian books, both modern and classic, into French.

How long have you lived in Sofia? Why did you come here in the first place?

I lived in Sofia uninterruptedly for six years – initially, as an attache at the French Cultural Centre in Sofia (1994–1998) and then as a guest professor at the New Bulgarian University and Sofia University (2002–2004). Prior to that I had spent weeks and months in Sofia as a visitor. Since I started teaching at INALCO, I spend about there months a year in Bulgaria. I feel very much at home, just like in Paris. This reflects the way I live here. In Sofia I have a second everyday life. It is different from life in Paris. Obviously, it is not as dynamic and is a lot quieter, but it is still everyday life.

What brought me to Bulgaria in the first place was pure chance. In 1973 we met some Bulgarians in France and they invited us to Sofia in the summer of 1976. We travelled the country together and we went to places that I keep very fond memories of: Plovdiv, Tryavna, Varna, the Troyan Monastery, Veliko Tarnovo, Sopot and Kalofer; also the Dryanovo and Rila monasteries. The first night in Sofia we stayed at the flat of our friends's parents. It is situated about a hundred metres from where I live in Sofia now. The circle has been completed.

Your favourite cultural venues in Sofia – and why are they favourites?

When I am in Sofia I try to combine my friends with my work, which is increasingly difficult. I have many friends in Sofia, but I also have work to do. The situation is further compounded by the administrative duties I have at university. At the moment my work involves writing, in cooperation with a colleague researching theory and practice of literary translation, of a history of Bulgarian literature. I suppose it will be a book that will be interesting to French and Bulgarian readers alike. Then I have to do my own translations. A day without some translation is an unhappy day for me.

In this sense my favourite venues are... books. Yet, I go to book launches and some exhibition openings with pleasure. I like silence, the smell of incense, the touch with the metaphysical in Orthodox churches as opposed to Catholic ones. I do not yet know whether I am a believer, but what I know is I do not need to answer that question to myself.

Is Sofia a cosmopolitan city?

Obviously not. I haven't been to New York. But what I consider cosmopolitan is Paris, London and Berlin.

Your favourite hangouts in Sofia?

I like walking to places that I've known for many years. These are many and varied – both the places and the memories. Sometimes it is with joy, sometimes it is with grief that I see how things change. My favourite street is Tsar Ivan Shishman – perhaps not for long as many of the small houses testifying that Sofia was once a part of the Ottoman Empire are crumbling to pieces. I hate the kitsch and facelessness of what Vitosha Boulevard is today: it is a shop-window of the kind you can see everywhere. I like the neighbourhoods where you can still see vestiges of Sofia's rich history: Roman, Slav, Ottoman, Soviet and now European. I like the Hali-Central Bath House-Mosque triangle. I love the old bourgeois houses along Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard. I like my own neighbourhood, the Malkite Pet Kyousheta, or Small Five Corners. These are but a few examples. I like this city because with it we have a common history, common tales, common images, common smells, common sounds. I think Sofia is very charming.

Due to the terrible music (not just chalga) that blasts out of loudspeakers in every restaurant and café in the city, I prefer to invite guests on my wonderful terrace where I keep a choushkopeque, or pepper roaster.

Three things you find amazing about Sofia?

First and foremost, it is a place where everyone speaks the language that I need to hear, read and write – Bulgarian! I will never forget the pleasure I got from watching the Cyrillic signs along what at the time was Georgi Dimitrov Boulevard on my way from the Central Station to the drab city centre, in 1976. Then I taught myself Bulgarian from a terrible propagandistic Bulgarian textbook for Francophones... but my determination to learn the language was so great that I could have used any textbook, really.

Then come my friends, whom unfortu­nately I never have enough time for.

And then there is the smell of roasted peppers.

There things you dislike about Sofia?

The lack of anonymity which can sometimes be quite stifling. Sofia is a small place where everyone knows everyone else.

I also think Sofia lacks human diversity. We meet mainly Caucasian people. To the consternation of many Bulgarians I would like to point out that I actually miss Blacks, Arabs and Asians. I am firmly opposed to the spread of nationalism and intolerance. Sadly, this is an European decease... where will poor old cosmopolitans find their ideal place?

Then I miss a big river in town, something like the Danube in Budapest or the Seine in Paris.

Does Sofia deserve to be named European Capital of Culture in 2019?

Why not? Bulgaria is brewing with imagination, art, fantasy. Bulgaria is a small country with limited means, but its writers, artists, musicians, directors and actors work miracles!

 

Logo Sofia MunicipalityLogo Sofia MunicipalityThis project is sponsored by Sofia Culture Programme of Sofia Municipality for 2013, and is in support to the Sofia and the South-west region nomination for European Capital of Culture for 2019

  • COMMENTING RULES

    Commenting on www.vagabond.bg

    Vagabond Media Ltd requires you to submit a valid email to comment on www.vagabond.bg to secure that you are not a bot or a spammer. Learn more on how the company manages your personal information on our Privacy Policy. By filling the comment form you declare that you will not use www.vagabond.bg for the purpose of violating the laws of the Republic of Bulgaria. When commenting on www.vagabond.bg please observe some simple rules. You must avoid sexually explicit language and racist, vulgar, religiously intolerant or obscene comments aiming to insult Vagabond Media Ltd, other companies, countries, nationalities, confessions or authors of postings and/or other comments. Do not post spam. Write in English. Unsolicited commercial messages, obscene postings and personal attacks will be removed without notice. The comments will be moderated and may take some time to appear on www.vagabond.bg.

Add new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Discover More

ANELIYA PARICHKOVA'S FORMULA FOR SUCCESS
The clients of Parichkova Design Lab are different and so are the interiors that they have commissioned to the studio.

GERGANA ATANASOVA: BEING A PART OF THE CHANGE
Renewable energy has immense potential for helping humanity to put climate change under control. But it is more than that.

FRENCH AMBASSADOR JOËL MEYER
The stylish French residence in Central Sofia is indeed a very special place. For about 100 years, in addition to being the home of French ambassadors, it has been the meeting spot of senior dignitaries.

NATALIA PETROVA: LET'S TALK ABOUT MODERN INVESTMENT
Natalia Petrova has over 20 years of experience in asset management, capital markets, equity and fixed income trading, UCITS products and services, and is a licensed investment consultant, broker and trader with government securities.

KATYA MACHUGANOVA: THE GAMES AI PLAYS
Women are increasingly making their own way into iGaming: as players, creators and developers. Katya Machuganova is one of them.

KENNETH MERTEN
Three times an ambassador (in Haiti, Croatia and now in Bulgaria) Kenneth Merten has a wide-ranging career in various positions within the US State Department, including in the office of the director general of the foreign service.

DR VALENTINA IVANOVA: INSPIRING CHILDREN FOR A BETTER FUTURE
In times of rapidly changing social, technological and political climates, all parents worry about what is the most responsible way to prepare their children for the challenges of tomorrow.

KRASIMIRA HRISTOVA: FEMALE ENERGY IN THE CAR INDUSTRY
Antifreeze, AdBlue® diesel exhaust fluid, windshield wiping fluid, grease... When drivers and car mechanics in Bulgaria and the Balkans buy such crucial products, they often choose one brand in particular.

NANCY SCHILLER, AMERICA FOR BULGARIA FOUNDATION
It has funded over 1,000 projects in all corners of Bulgaria and has reached thousands of people. It provides support to local partners in many areas: from encouraging private enterprise to building democratic institutions and fostering tourism.

GENERATION DATA
Data science has the power to provide invaluable insight for the competitive advantage of businesses.

MARGARITA STANCHEVA: RECRUITING PASSION
Margarita Stancheva is one of those people who challenge stereotypes as they breathe: she is young, she runs one of the hottest recruitment agencies on the IT market, she is a young mother and is refreshingly candid when talking about business and her life.

TEODOR DOBREV: SEEKING NEW CHALLENGES EVERY DAY
Perseverance, ambition, enthusiasm to learn and to adapt to the everchanging game are qualities crucial for the success of any company in the competitive IT field. Telelink Business Services is a case in point.